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AGRIFORVALOR has identified 48 examples of state in the art in agriculture & forestry biomass sidestream research

RTD Results

Published on 22-09-2016 16:20:24 by AGRIFORVALOR

CakePHP AGRIFORVALOR has identified 48 examples of state of the art in agriculture and forestry biomass sidestream research! All these examples can be found on our website www.agriforvalor.eu and shown in our interactive “Sidestream Valley Tool”.

 

Number of RTD results per country of origin

The majority of RTD results found are stemming from other EU countries.

1. The hub specifies

Hub Hungary

The focus of the Hungarian biomass side stream valorisation lays on valorisation of agricultural wastes such as crop residuals (e.g. corn, wheat, rape, sugar beet) and animal manure (e.g. poultry, rabbit). The biomass side-streams are mainly used to produce fuel (e.g. biogas, bio-oil). Little side-streams are used as by-products to produce fertilizers and functional materials or fine chemicals.

Hub Andalucía (ES)

Information from the Spanish hub shows that olive wastes (e.g. olive stones, olive seeds, olive leaves, olive tree pruning) are used to produce all 5Fs. Several crop residues (e.g. vegetables, sugar beet, leguminous plants) are used for production of fuel, fertilizer and functional materials and fine chemicals. Animal manure (cows and pigs) and agricultural industrial waste water are used to produce fuel and fertilizers.

Hub Ireland

In the Irish hub, the focus is on forestry biomass side-streams. Side-streams from the wood processing industries (e.g. sawdust, mill scrap, wood chips) are mainly used for fuel production. A higher level of valorisation is developing through side-streams usage for functional materials and fine chemicals (e.g. woodchips, wood residues and Miscanthus). Beside these side-stream usage, also agricultural biomass side-streams are available and used in Ireland. They, however, are mostly processed with techniques applicable for both agricultural and forestry side-streams.

2. General findings

Agricultural biomass side streams are mainly used to produce products for food applications (proteins, starch, colorants etc.) (15 out of 30).

For combined agriculture and forestry biomass side-streams, most of the techniques found (7 out of 10) result in products that can be classified as fuel (biogas, heat, steam, bio-oil etc.)

For forestry related biomass side-streams most techniques found produce functional materials/fine chemicals like insulation material, active carbon, ethanol, lignin, and glucose (4 out of 9).

  • Almost all biomass-side streams, both from agriculture and from forestry, can be used for energy production. However, in research, there is an increasing focus on techniques with higher valorisation potential, i.e. applyingtechnique resulting in output product with a higher value or by applying a more advanced technique producing more than one output product in relation to 5 Fs (food, feed, fuel, fertilizer, fine chemical/functional material) – applying a cascading approach.

 

The main “cascade research lines” of sidestream biomass in the production process found are:

  1. Application as fertilizer production and food / feed as by-products
  2. Application as food and functional material as e.g. biopolymer as by-products
  3. Application as food and fine chemical (e.g. hydroxytyrosol) as by-products
  4. Application as of (fine) chemical and functional material for production of utensils and forms as by-products
  5. Application as energy production and fertilizers as by-products
  6. Application as fine chemicals and fertilizers as by-products